I have been wondering about the five states of matter. Does it really matter? Well it matters to me. (Now, wasn't that clever of me working the word matter in three times with two different meanings - grin.) OK, how many of you can name them? I could quickly name three but then came up with a fourth, but then I found out that there may be more.
Let's see, everyone knows the three states of matter: solids, liquids, and gas. The fourth one is plasma. Everyone is familiar with the first three, and since I worked around fabrication industries, I have seen plasma cutting machines. For those of you who don't know what plasma is (not blood plasma), I will try to explain. A plasma is cloud of electrically charged atomic nuclei (ions) and electrons. But then, the scientists have come up with a fifth state of matter which they named the Bose-Einstein condensate in honor of the two who wrote a scientific paper about the phenomenon.
The following graphs represent this phenomenon:
The first graph at the left is just before the appearance of a Bose-Einstein condensate. The middle graph is just after the appearance of the condensate and the last one on the right is after further evaporation, leaving a sample of nearly pure condensate.
I know that it is hard to understand this phenomenon, but for me to understand it better, I had to write about it. Science fascinates me and there is just so much stuff that we humans do not know and may never know, but at least we try to learn what ever we can and strive to understand the mysterious. Now, don't let your condensation evaporate and have a really great day, you hear?